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Stano Filko

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Stano Filko (1937) was born in Veľká Hradná. From 1956 to 1960 he studied at the Secondary School of Applied Arts in Bratislava and continued at the Academy of Fine Arts under prof. P. Matejka (painting). The author belongs to the first generation of Slovak conceptualists and shareholders - representatives of new media.

In the early years, he created figural post-cubist compositions, realized structural assemblages and objects (eg Altar of Present, 1964-1965), whose poetics were related to the informal. In 1965-1969, we can find hints of a number of issues that have also been addressed by foreign authors of these tendencies (eg White Space in White Space, 1973-1974 together with M. Laky and J. Zavarský, in which we find the idea of endless space and its interpretation through pure sensibility). Together with A. Mlynárčik, he created the proto-conceptual textual declarations HAPPSOC I. and HAPPSOC II. (1965), based on a fictitious appropriation of a certain segment of reality. The turn towards expressing their own cosmological visions was expressed in HAPPSOC IV. (1967, space travel invitation). The author's idea of the universe - the cosmos appears to be distinctly anthropocentric and autobiographical. Man does not only act as his centre in him, but the universe opens up in itself, becoming itself a place of penetration, extending into another dimension, which in the author's work is directed towards dematerialization. In his works, we can observe, for example, the special confrontation of the topics of the Slovak extreme and the life of people (My Birth, 1969) with the contemporary view of the artist - pseudofuturology. In 1966 he wrote the Manifesto on Environment. 

In it, he explains his own views on the artistic and atmosphere of the time in which he lived and worked. In 1969 another manifesto was published. He is considering a plan - a project that "firstly is one of the last streams of art and secondly comes out of a happening, constructive, kinetic art, environment, minimal art, multiple ..." to divide your work into three main ways: 3. White - absurdity Spirituality, 2. Blue-Cosmology, 1. Red - Biology. He gradually dropped manual intervention into works and created projects and installations in impersonal technical style. Since the beginning of the 1980s, he has devoted himself to painting again, and he has often designed huge polyptychs as architectures of symbolic scripts (AIDS cycle, 1983 - 1985).


The author emigrated in 1981. In Germany, he began to work under the influence of Neue Wilde (return to painting and expressive tradition). From 1983 to 1990 he lived in New York and went on a bad painting before returning to Slovakia. In this period of spatial installation, it turns into video installations (like computer morphed subjective self-portraits). He has been exhibiting independently since 194 (Bratislava - together with L. Gajdoš, and I. Vychlopen), further for example; 1967 - Prague, Bratislava; 1969 - Oldenburg (Environnement Universel 1966-1967 und Grafik). 1979 - Gdansk, 1986 - New York, 1993 - Bratislava, 2000-Kosice, 2003- Banska Bystrica. For example: 1965 - Florence, 1968 - Grenoble, 1969 - Munich, Paris; 1970-Yokohama, 1971 - Buenos Aires, 1974 - Brno; 1984, 1986, 1987 - New York, 1994 - Sydney, 1999 - Prague, Vienna, Queens; 2001 - Bratislava (Action Art 1965 - 1989), 2002 - Bratislava (Slovak Visual Art 1970 - 1985), 2005 - Venice (51st Biennial, Model of the World / Quadrophobia).


In 1982 he took part in the Documenta World Quadrant of Kassel, where he exhibited manifestos, photographic documentation and a car in which he emigrated - painted white. The author deals with action art, conceptual art, new media, environmental and spatial installations. He lives and works in Bratislava.

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