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Albert Marenčin

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Albert Marenčin (* July 26, 1922, Bystré - March 9, 2019) was a Slovak prose writer, poet, surrealist, collagist, essayist, screenwriter, script editor, artist, translator and critic. He was born in a large patriarchal family in Bystro nad Topľou (today Bystré, district Vranov nad Topľou), where he also survived the first years of his life in his grandfather's mill Hamza, who employed all relatives. His father got married there from neighbouring Radvanovce. Four father's siblings - Zoltán, Vojtech, Mária and Andrej Marenčin were active. His uncle, Ludwig Hamza, the leader of a peasant uprising on Zemplin, impersonated him from his mother's side. He attended school in Nižná Myš, later Šafárik's State Real Grammar School in Prešov, where he graduated (1940). First, he enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine in Bratislava, later in law. Finally, he graduated from the Faculty of Arts of the Slovak University, Slovak-French, and after graduating in 1944 he actively participated in the Slovak National Uprising as a member of the partisan group Čapajev (Certificate No. 175). From the beginning r. In 1945 he worked at the Office of the Government Plenipotentiary (Minister Nemec) for the liberated territory in Khust. After the war, he returned to Košice and worked as an editor in the daily newspaper Národná obroda. He later studied as a scholar in Paris (1945-1948), in parallel at the Sorbonne, at the Political College and at the IDHEC Film School. At the same time, he worked as an editor and announcer of the Czechoslovak broadcasting of French Radio. He also continued to work as an editor for the National Revival and the weekly Parallèle 50 From November 15, 1948, he was an employee of the Czechoslovak government delegation to the UN General Assembly. He worked at the secretariat of Minister Vladimir Clementis. From 1949 to 1972 he worked in various positions in the Czechoslovak State Film in Bratislava at Koliba (Slovak Film Production): lecturer, script editor, screenwriter, head of the 1st Creative Group and others.
 

In 1955 he married Dagmar Wondrašek. In 1956 he became a father for the first time, son Martin (photographer) was born. Two years later, son Albert was born. From 1963 he lectured at the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava. As a lecturer, he led the Seminar of Modern Art. In 1972, for political reasons, he was released from the Slovak film and from the Academy of Performing Arts and was banned from publishing. Since 1974 he has collaborated with ŠtB under the cover name IRIS. Until his retirement (in 1987) he worked as a specialist in the Slovak National Gallery. In 1972, he was initiated by the native Štefan Tkáč, who led the Cabinet of Naive Art in the SNG, included in the organizational staff of the INSITA'72 World Triennial of Initial Art and was in charge of the French-speaking world. Later, after closing the Cabinet, he became head of the Central Collection of Collections.

 
Since 1965 he has been a member of the Pataphysical Movement in Paris and since 1977 a member of the Group of Czech and Slovak Surrealists. Since 2003, when Michel de Maulne, the French theatre director of the Théâtre Molière, a Parisian theatre, founded the French-speaking "Capalest" festival in Banská Štiavnica, he was its president, along with one of the leading representatives of contemporary French poetry (Bernard Noël).
Writing began during his university studies when he wrote his first radio plays and the first novel. His work is one of the successors of the Surrealist movement, he was the author of the prose on the subject of World War II and film scenarios based on literary works. In addition to his own work, he also devoted himself to translations from French. As an artist, she devotes herself to creating collages, art history and criticism (the Kosice Hermit). In 1969 he also co-founded Analogon.
 
Solo collages exhibitions;
The imaginary world of Albert Marenčina and the continual play are also reflected in the art form. The story of collages starts in his nineteen years ... Professor Považan was their great explorer and admirer and Juraj Mojžiš was the initiator of many surrealist exhibitions and publications.
“Collage is one of the expressive means of poetry for me, just like a poem, and I think it is still up to date: unlike the verbal form of poetry, poetry is visual, pictorial. It is not an illustration of a poem, it is a poem itself. ”(Albert Marenčin, Collage of Collage, 1996)

 

1965 - Viola, Prague
1966 - Cultural Life, Bratislava: Collage of Albert Marenčina
1974 - Prague: Torsos
1990 - On Chmelnice, Prague: Albert Marenčin - Collages
1990 - Tatran, Bratislava: Collage of Albert Marenčina
1993 - Prievidza: Visions and Dreams, Collages
1995 - Piestany: The Moment of Truth, Erotic Collages
1995 - Budapest (Hungary): Albert Marenčin - surrealist collage
1995 - Die (France): Collages
1995 - Vranov nad Topľou: Collage of Albert Marenčina
1997 - Dolny Kubin, Bratislava: Collages
1998 - Považská Gallery of Art, Žilina
1998 - Gallery of art in Požitavská, Nové Zámky
1998 - Strasbourg (France): Collages
1998 - Silkeborg (Denmark)
1999 - State Gallery, Banská Bystrica: Collages
1999 - Novohradská Gallery, Lučenec: Collages
1999 - Eastern Gallery, Košice: Collages
1999 - Saris Gallery, Presov: Collages
2013 - Thirteen to Dozen, Schemnitz Gallery, Banská Štiavnica [18]
2016 - Première Ligne Gallery, Bordeaux (France): Thirteen to Dozen. Surrealistic phone Bratislava-Bordeaux
 
Collective exhibitions
 
1966 - OG, Gottwaldov: Contemporary Surrealist Collage of 10 Countries
1967 - House of Arts, Brno: Contemporary Surrealist Collage, JG, Hluboká,
1967 - Krusevac (Yugoslavia): Contemporary graphics and collage of Czechoslovak superrealists
1968 - Berlin (Germany): Logic of the transparent night
1969 - Mons (Belgium): Tchécoslovaquie 69
1969 - La Grande Jatte, Brussels (Belgium): Tchécoslovaquie 69
1971 - Trebic: Dream and Reality
1975 - Lyon (France)
1976 - World Surrealist exhibition, Galery Black Swan Chicago (USA) [19]
1978 - Le Triskèle Gallery, Paris (France): le collage surréaliste en 1978
1990 - Paris (France): Analogon 1969-1990
1991 - 1992 - Banska Bystrica, Bratislava, Budapest (Hungary), Third Ark, Prague: Erotism, Dream, Interpretation
1992 - Prague: A Journey Through the Times
1992 - Hanover (Germany)
1993 - Budapest (Hungary)
1996 - From One Way, Cheb, Nitra, Brno, Bratislava, Prague,
2012 - Paper bike, East Slovak Gallery Košice
2012 - Paper bike, Gallery Z, Bratislava
2015 - Paper bike, Spiš Gallery, Spišská Nová Ves

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